Strengthening Biodiversity and Ecosystems Management and Climate-Smart Landscapes in the Mid to Lower Zambezi Region of Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe faces multiple challenges for sustainable development associated with biodiversity loss, ecosystem degradation, and climate change consequences.

The Lower Zambezi Valley of Zimbabwe, home of the ‘Big Five’ animals, has been identified as one of Zimbabwe’s hotspots. This protected area which includes the Mana Pools National Park, and the Chewore, Charara, Hurungwe, Dande, Doma Safari Areas, is designated as a World Heritage Site, Important Bird Area, Biosphere Reserve and Ramsar Site and it represents a source habitat for many populations of wildlife species, including elephant and lions.

The project seeks to reduce key threats for wildlife, habitat, and livelihoods of local communities in the Lower Zambezi Valley of Zimbabwe.


Poaching & illegal wildlife trade

  • 40% decline in elephant population between 2001 & 2014 in the Zambezi Valley
  • At least 300 elephants were poisoned between 2013 & 2016.

Human wildlife conflict  

  • 619 reports of human wildlife conflict, resulting in 32 human deaths & 24 injuries
  • Human wildlife conflict also results in wildlife mortality from retaliatory killings


  • Rate of deforestation increased from 100,000 hectares/annum in the 1990s to 327,000 hectares/annum between 2000 & 2010
  • Between 1992 and 2008, 203,074 ha of woodland was converted to arable land in Hurungwe District

Climate change consequences

  • Zimbabwe is exhibiting signs of climate change such as severe droughts, flooding and shifts in seasons
  • Future predictions point to 30% reduction in agricultural production due to climate extremes



Project start date:

July 2018

Estimated end date:

December 2024

Implementing partner:

Min.of Env., Water and Climat

Full project information  

Funding Support by

Donor name

  • United Nations Development Pro
  • Government Of Denmark
  • Global Environment Fund Truste
  • Amount contributed


    Delivery in previous fiscal year

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