Regional integration in Africa: key to transformation and developmentOct 28, 2013
Gathering for the African Economic Conference in Johannesburg, leaders call on continent to seize the moment for wide-ranging structural change
Johannesburg, South Africa – Heads of State and business and development experts from across the world will gather at the three-day African Economic Conference from Monday, October 28 to Wednesday, October 30 in Johannesburg, South Africa, to discuss regional integration and its role in boosting economic growth and human well-being on the continent.
The conference will be opened by Jacob Zuma, the President of South Africa; Donald Kaberuka, President of the African Development Bank (AfDB); and Abdalla Hamdok, Deputy Executive Secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA).
Africa has seen high levels of economic growth over the last decade, however that growth has had limited impact on boosting competitiveness and increasing the quality of life of ordinary people on the continent.
Weaknesses persist in the quality of institutions, infrastructure, macroeconomic policies, education and adoption of new technologies, while there are big gaps between its highest and lowest ranked economies.
“This great gathering should do more than restate the case for regional integration: it must examine how to push the African continent to the next level, to become a global growth pole in its own right,” said Donald Kaberuka, President of the African Development Bank.
“At a time of diminishing multilateral solutions, this is the sure way to build resilience against external shocks. I applaud the steady progress that has been made in areas such as tariff reduction. Robust action is what is now needed on non-tariff barriers, trade facilitation, and the movement of people. Africa has the political will and the strategic vision to make this happen. The time is right.”
In addition, because of its focus on capital-intensive, commodity-based industries, Africa has seen limited economic transformation, with little investment in the manufacturing, services and agricultural sectors. Due to these limitations, the creation of jobs, markets and institutions required to help young women and men build better futures has lagged behind.
“There needs to be a much broader definition of regional economic integration. True, regional integration must include investments in regional infrastructure, trade and labour mobility. But countries would also gain by harmonizing regulations and standards, devising common approaches to macroeconomic policy, job creation, and effective management of shared natural resources for sustainable poverty reduction and structural economic transformation,” said Abdoulaye Mar Dieye, Director of UNDP Africa.
While the benefits of integration are now well-known and many of the legal frameworks in place, the biggest challenge is how to further that agenda. Among the major hurdles are harmonizing standards and regulations, boosting human resource capacities and mobilizing leadership and political will.
The African Economic Conference will look at the political economy of regional integration and examine closely some of the practical solutions to advance it. High-level dialogues will cover integration issues ranging from finance to water resource management, fiscal convergence and harmonization of social policies. Participants will also be exposed to cutting edge research on all aspects of regional integration based on new analysis from African researchers and institutions.
Participants at the conference will look at some of the trends and best practices unfolding across the continent.
“It is undeniable that regional integration will impel Africa to economic transformation and industrialization. Capitalizing on natural resources, industrialization can swiftly add value to the continent’s exports and, therefore, stimulate job creation.” said Abdalla Hamdok, the Deputy Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Africa.
Held every year and sponsored by the African Development Bank, the Economic Commission for Africa and the United Nations Development Programme, the African Economic Conference will also provide a unique forum for in-depth presentations of policy-oriented research by both established academics and emerging talents from the continent.