About UNDP in Zimbabwe
Casting votes for the Constitutional Referendum. the UNDP began supporting the constitution-making process in April 2010 through the project ‘Support to Participatory Constitution-Making in Zimbabwe.' Photo - UNDP Zimbabwe
The current Country Programme 2012-2015 is implemented under the overall umbrella of achieving the Millennium Development Goals by 2015, and the national planning tool (the Medium Term Plan 2011-2015). Specifically, UNDP will assist Zimbabwe in delivering on six of the seven national development priorities set out in the Zimbabwe United Nations Development Assistance Framework (ZUNDAF) 2012–2015 document.
In so doing, UNDP will render its support through the following three programmatic areas:
- Citizen participation and good governance.
- Economic management and sustainable development.
- Social sector development and resilient livelihoods.
The programmatic areas are derived from the two overarching strategic programme pillars articulated in the Country Programme Document, namely sustaining the momentum on and consolidating governance reforms, and, promoting economic reforms and early recovery for sustainable livelihoods.
In developing the 2012–2015 country programme, cognizance was taken of the fact that the country is emerging from a debilitating socioeconomic decline and is thus transitioning to a stable development path. Hence, while the programme is focused on critical areas where the UNDP has strong competence, the programme has also been designed to be sufficiently flexible to respond to emerging needs and challenges. The country programme is informed by the recommendations of the mid-term review of the 2007–2011 country programmes, national MDG progress reports and outcome evaluations of the previous programme. The 2008– 2013 UNDP Corporate Strategic Plan and the UNDP Regional Bureau for Africa (RBA) Strategy and Management Review all guided the development of the new country programme, focusing on capacity development for pro-poor growth and accountability. The programme is also guided by a rights-based approach, focusing on providing policy advice and strengthening national capacities.
The UNDP CO has spearheaded support to governance reforms, including support to the implementation of key aspects of the 2008 Global Political Agreement. In 2011, support was rendered to the constitution-making process and to national healing, reconciliation and integration. The two processes reinforce each other in creating a conducive environment for political dialogue necessary for nurturing sustainable peace and development.
Support to constitution-making has covered financial, procedural, substantive and advisory support throughout the lifespan of the process, from consultation, through data compilation and analysis, to drafting. A draft constitution has been published.
This support culminated in the publication of a final draft Constitution adopted by all the main political parties and put before a national referendum on 16 March 2013 where it was endorsed by an overwhelming majority of people who voted. Subsequently, Zimbabwe made history on 22 March 2013 when the President appended his signature to the new Constitution. It is now the fundamental law of the country.
In addition, UNDP extended support to the Organ for National Healing, Reconciliation and Integration in developing a Code of Conduct for Political Parties to be signed by all the major political parties and has supported the drafting of a policy to establish a permanent peace-building architecture, the National Peace and Reconciliation Council.
UNDP assisted the Government to formulate a pro-poor and inclusive national development strategy, the 2011-2015 Medium Term Plan (MTP). This is the first economic blueprint in a long time and provides a solid macro-economic framework for consolidating the still fragile gains of recent economic recovery. The successful implementation of the MTP, which is anchored on inclusive growth policies, will bring significant economic transformation.
To advance the principles of development effectiveness for coherent interactions between Government and development partners, UNDP is assisting the Government to put in place an Aid and Development Results Mechanism. The expected long-term impacts of this process is to ensure more transparency, accountability and that both donor and public resources are channelled towards a unified agenda, as defined in the MTP, as well as to ensure national ownership of the development process in Zimbabwe.
A lab technician examines blood samples in a lab supported by the UNDP-administered Global Fund grants at the Beatrice Infectious Diseases Hospital, Harare. Photo - UNDP Zimbabwe
UNDP and Global Fund partnership: Saving lives, reducing infections
Through its principal recipientship of Global Fund, UNDP has supported national capacity building to deal with HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Tuberculosis. In this respect, UNDP works with the Government of Zimbabwe, represented by the former Ministry of Health and Child Welfare (renamed Ministry of Health and Child Care), and the National AIDS Council.
In the area of HIV/AIDS, 565, 675 adults and children with advanced HIV infection received antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) in 2012, representing coverage of 86 percent, and thus reaching the goal of universal access.
With 59, 244 pregnant women receiving ARV prophylaxis to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in 2012, this represented 92 percent of those in need.
Under the TB programme, the total TB notified cases for 2011 was 41, 305, a decrease from 47,557 of those reported in 2010. Treatment of new smear positive TB cases improved from 78 percent in 2009 to 81 percent in 2010.
Meanwhile, the incidence of malaria in 2012 reduced to 21.2 per 1000 compared to 45 per 1000 in 2010 and 25 per 1000 in 2011.
The Global Fund’s programme’s donors and technical partners include CDC/Pepfar, World Health Organization, UNICEF and UNAIDS. Key implementing partners are Organisation for Public Health Interventions and Development (OPHID), Kapnek Trust, MSF, EGPAF, CHAI and ZVITAMBO. Others are SafAIDS, Zimbabwe Aids Network, Natpharm and HOSPAZ.
Mr. Bishow Parajuli who heads the UN Country Team in Zimbabwe is the UN Resident Coordinator and Resident Representative of UNDP Zimbabwe.
The day-to-day management of the Country Office is the responsibility of the Country Director, Ms. Verity Nyagah. The Country Director is supported by two deputies, as follows:
- Mr. Martim Maya, Deputy Country Director (Programmes)
- Ms. Denise E. Findley-Antonio, Deputy Country Director (Operations)